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Architectural & Design Materials
Bauhaus

Celebrating 100 years of Bauhaus

“Together let us call for, devise, and create the construction of the future, comprising everything in one form: architecture, sculpture and painting.”

–Walter Gropius, Bauhaus Manifesto

Bauhaus.  It’s one of those words that almost everyone has heard, but of which not everyone knows the meaning.  If pressed, some might talk about art, architecture, craft, or design.

And they would be more correct than they might expect to be by saying so.

The Staatliches Bauhaus (rough translation:  State-owned Building House) was founded by an architect—though it did not initially have an architecture department.  It started in Weimar, Germany in 1919, and lasted only until 1933—just fourteen years– but its influence quickly grew for decades to encompass the world.

Modern design, modernist architecture, the visual arts, graphic design, interior design, industrial design—even typography:  All were profoundly influenced by the Bauhaus movement.

Roos Blog Bauhaus
Photo by Jim Hood The typeface for this sign above the entrance to the Bauhaus workshop in Dessau was designed by one of the school’s instructors, Herbert Bayer.

Architect Water Gropius founded the Bauhaus as a school intended to facilitate Gesamtkunstwerk, or ‘Total Work of Art,” in which all the arts—including architecture—would eventually be brought together.  Over its brief physical history, the school existed in three German cities:  Weimar, from 1919 to 1925; Dessau, from 1925 to 1932—Hannes Meyer assumed directorship here in 1928 until Ludwig Mies van der Rohe directed the school through its move to Berlin from 1932 to 1933.

A piece written for the Getty Center’s June 2019 exhibition “Bauhaus Beginnings” theorized that the origins of the Bauhaus can be traced to the late 19th century, in “anxieties about the soullessness of modern manufacturing, and fears about art’s loss of social relevance.”   The Bauhaus sought to infuse practical crafts—architecture, interior design, textiles, furniture, woodwork– with the aesthetics of fine art sculpture and painting.

Roos Blog Bauhaus
Marcel Breuer’s “Wassily” Chair, originally designed in 1925

Mid-century minimalism clearly owes a debt to the Bauhaus furniture and utensil designs of Marcel Breuer and the houseware designs of Marianne Brandt.  Their pieces were groundbreaking in the early 20th century, and still look refreshingly modern today—nearly a century later.

Roos Blog Bauhaus
Teakettle designed by Marianne Brandt

The architectural influence of the designs from Bauhaus Directors Walter Gropius and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe can clearly be seen in the International Style that is so prevalent in Western architecture today.  The rectilinear forms, lack of ornamentation, cantilever construction yielding a light ‘floating’ quality to buildings made of glass and steel have become iconic, and celebrated—even deemed worthy of inclusion at the Museum of Modern Art.

Roos Blog Bauhaus
Walter Gropius design for the Bauhaus Dessau
Roos Blog Bauhaus
Photograph by Jon Miller, Hedrich Blessing Mies van der Rohe’s Farnsworth House

Other well-known artists such as Josef Albers, Wassily Kandinsky, and Paul Klee all offered their unique expertise as instructors at the Bauhaus and added to the depth and breadth of influence of the school.  But the rise of the Nazi party in Germany would prove to be the undoing on the Bauhaus school:  the Nazi regime were not fans, believing the school to be left-wing, radical, & potentially Socialist.  Despite resistance from the Bauhaus instructors, the pressure ultimately led the Bauhaus school to close.

But today, Germany’s Nazi party is long gone.  And the ideas germinated from the Bauhaus live on, spread by the students and staff who left Germany and took the Bauhaus ideas, influence, and philosophy to wherever they might emigrate.

Roos Blog Bauhaus
Photo: Susan Lenox

Roos International salutes the Bauhaus movement and all of those who contributed to it. Here are some of Interlam’s architectural carved panels and metal screens that reflect this all-encompassing artistic movement. 

Interlam Elements retro s
Interlam Elements Retro S
Interlam Elements Crisscross
Interlam Elements Crisscross
Interlam Elements Highball
Interlam Elements Highball
Interlam Metal Screens ILMS-040
Interlam Metal Screens ILMS-040

The most basic principle of the movement of the Bauhaus school was “form follows function.” According to this idea, simple but elegant geometric shapes were designed based on the intended function or purpose of a building or an object.

Roos International has been fostering Design Inspiration in the A&D community for decades.  Architects, Interior Designers, Contractors and Architectural Millwork trades and more in our industry know that Roos International is the exclusive to-the-trade resource for unique, leading-edge architectural and design interior & exterior surfacing materials.

We supply creative materials for award winning projects!

Providing ideas and inspiration all in one place, Roos International supports the design industry with knowledgeable and responsive staff available to help fulfill your vision.

For an appointment, contact  Roos International.

To request information on Interlam carved panels and metal screens, Click Here.

More than 30 years of Design Inspiration.